Sport trucks is conditional generalized name of a broad class of sports trucks with high-speed quality, increased engine power (specific power, motorized travel) and low body fit (clearance). Under the classification of sport truck there are cars of the line production. Unlike the race cars, sports cars are designed for driving on public roads.
Truck sport implies the following types of models, such as sports (two-door) coupe and roadster, car class GT. As an exception, most recently this class includes such special four-door models like Porsche Panamera, Aston Martin Rapide and the Fisker Karma. This class still doesn't include numerous cars. Trucks sport notion usually doesn't inlude Serial models of conventional coupe or limousine belonging to other classes but owning the last sporting body tuning, motor or chassis. Sometimes sport classification include sports SUV, but because of their dimensions, weight and dynamic characteristics they belong to a separate class.
This type of sport cars are not obligatory to own a heavy-duty motor (although many of them often have very powerful engines). Quite often, the usual four-door limousines of the medium and large class sizes belong to such brands as Audi, Bentley, BMW, Jaguar, Mercedes-Benz, Rolls-Royce and some others and have 8 -, 10 - or 12-cylinder engines with much larger volumes, and hence greater total power. However, the high speed performance of sports cars is achieved primarily by the ratio of engine power, gear transmission and a relatively small body weight and low aerodynamic drag, balanced chassis and a modern suspension, wheels presence of the appropriate size and quality of their contact with the road surface.
However, the high speed performance of sports cars is achieved primarily by the ratio of engine power, gear transmission and a relatively small body weight and low aerodynamic drag, balanced chassis and a modern suspension, wheels presence of the appropriate size and quality of their contact with the road surface.
Structural arrangement of the engine on the chassis can be either front or rear and center (inside the wheelbase). In a more dynamic model it is preferable to the rear or center-mounted engine with a drive to the rear axle. This reduces loss of torque and, consequently, - power transmission - and improves weight distribution of the axes and as a consequence of handling. Types of engine design can differ greatly: in-line four-cylinder engine, six-, eight-cylinder V-twin engine, often with a turbocharger. Less common are boxer engine (the most common motor in models of Porsche), sometimes Wankel rotary engine (as eg. in the model of Mazda RX-8), electric battery (eg Tesla Roadster) or electric-gas hybrid engine as a model of Fisker Karma. Transmission usually includes manual 6-speed (5-speed in older models) automatic or combined with electronic control. Domestic interior decoration may have luxury facilities.
Sport trucks manufacturers
Sport trucks companies and manufacturers can be roughly divided into the following categories:
- Companies, specializing mainly only on the sports models (sports coupe, the roadster) and producing them in small batches: Lamborghini, Bugatti, MG, De Tomaso, Pagani, AC Cobra, TVR, ASL, Vemac;
- Automotive firms producing a wide range of sports and racing cars: Porsche, Ferrari, McLaren, Maserati, Lotus, Audi, Jaguar, Aston Martin, Alfa Romeo;
- Health sector that is such a large diversified company or auto companies like BMW, Mercedes-Benz, Honda, Nissan, Toyota, Mazda, Mitsubishi, Dodge, Chevrolet, Ford, Volkswagen and others.